Essay On Asperger’s Disorder
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Asperger’s refers to the disorder that affects a group of children with the deficit development in both social skills and the behavior but is difficult to classify. It is a mild disorder that is of the category of the autistic disorder. The epidemiology of the Asperger’s disorder has a wide range of value in the current total population of the children. The children between the ages of 7- 16 are the most infected children. The disorder has taken its routes in Goteborg, Sweden where a total of 36/ 10000 are affected with the disorder. Out of the turnout number, scientists have proven that 55/ 10,000 are boys and 15/10,000 is girls. These statistics gave the scientists a feedback that the most affected people of this disorder are the boys. The male female ratio in Sweden was 4:1 making the males having the highest percentage over the females. Another study conducted in the United Kingdom estimated that 45/10,000 of the total population was affected by the disorder. From these statistics the most affected gender was the male child. (Hollander, E., Kolevzon, A., & Coyle, J. T. (2011).
In Australia there was an Australian doctor called Hans Asperger’s that noticed the symptoms of the disorder in four boys that he later became fond of them. One of the boys that he used to called little professor survived from the disorder and went on to becoming the best professor of astronomy in Australia. He even went on to challenge the theories of Sir Isaac Newton. One of the other boys also survived the disorder and went on to winning the Nobel Prize in English literature. Some of the signs and symptoms of the disorder are minimal social interactions. This comes about when the children affected with the disorder have a difficulty in socializing and making new friends. Other symptoms of the disorders are odd use of language, making conversations to be boring to the listeners (narrating a story to someone else but in a boring way), repetitive speech, narrowed interests and preoccupations; they are always happy and are satisfied with their daily routines. Some of the most noticeable symptoms especially in the boys are: they always want to win and find loosing an imperfection act, lack of common sense, difficulties in reading, obsessed with complex topics, lack of empathy and they are always honest, always dedicated with what they are doing, they are always determined to do anything. Many people always find the children with this disorder reliable whenever they want to get information or need assistance on anything. Shives, L. R. (2008)
The lifestyle of a person with this disorder is affected in a negative way in that the person with the disorder has less of a social life as compared to the other children. The person is also under strict observations because of what he or she can do. Some of the difficulties that the person with this disorder faces stresses on the peer pressure from the other peers and a small percentage from the family. Some of the difficulties include the social interactions and communication skills, criticism from the peers because of his or her poor imaginations, poor sensory sensitivities that is mostly seen by the family members. There some of the family members that will look down upon him or her because of the sensory sensitivities. Another major criticism that the person faces is learning how walk at a much later date than the expected time and the limited ability to play games. This affects the individual when trying to socialize with his or her peer. He or she will be criticized and be looked down upon because of the limited potentials.
Up to date, many scientists have proven that there is no cure to this disorder. To minimize and to stop the occurrence of the disorder, a range of specialists’ education and behavioral programs must be kept in place. These criteria’s are usually referred to as the interventions and they serve the purpose of improving the skills of the children with the Asperger’s disorder (ASD).the most common intervention that is known worldwide to be effective is working for hours on intensive works. This at times becomes difficult especially in some families because of their practical, financial and emotional commitments. Most of the interventions that are kept in place are important because they cover: the social and the communication skills of the individuals with the disorder, cognibility of the individual and the academic skills. Most of the children with this disorder are usually categorized in the levels of the middle averaged students as far as academics are concerned. Other commonly used interventions used worldwide include the applied behavioral analysis (ABA), TEACCH and speech and language therapy (SLT). The applied behavioral analysis is an intervention that is based on the breaking down of skills such as communication and cognibility skills into tasks that can be easily understood and taught in a highly structured manner. The ABA is also structured to serve the purpose of rewarding and reinforcing positive behaviors. TEACCH is a type of intervention that is based on structured learning by the use of the visual prompts. The TEACCH intervention is mostly delivered at the day cares and times at the homes of the people who wish th4e intervention to be practiced in their homes. The last intervention which is the speech and the language therapy (SLT) is a type of intervention that is based on skill training and how to improve the child’s language skills. With the help of this intervention, most of the children are able to interact and communicate with other children effectively without any difficulties. (Sue, D., Sue, D., Sue, Stanley, & Sue, Derald Wing. (2013).
Psychopharmacology as used in the Asperger’s disorder control is a type of intervention that studies the effects the disorder has on the affected people in terms of their behaviors, moods and attitudes, their way of thinking and their feelings. The psychotropic’s do not change the domains of Asperger’s disorders but tries to improve on the thinking and intelligent capacity of the individual. The intervention gives medication after a much study of the disorder. The most prescribed medications in this type of intervention include the antidepressants, antipsychotics and the stimulants. These medications help the person that has the disorder to have a social life and gain the courage to talk in front of people. It also gives an enlightened respond on how the individual is supposed to communicate effectively with the other parties in the society. In the year 1995 a survey was conducted in the United States of America and it was observed that 30 percent of the of the children who have the disorder use the psychotropic medication and 8 % of other individuals with the disorder use more than medication that is under the psychopharmacology. In the year 2001, another survey was conducted and it was found 46 % of the individuals with the disorder use the psychotropic’s medication while 21% use more than one of the psychotropics. Psychopharmacology has not been proven to be the best intervention to use for the treatment of the disorder but it can be the best intervention to use for the treatment plan of the disorder (Pliszka, S. R. (2011).
The relevant techniques and the skills that can be used to combat the disorder include the educational techniques that enlighten the individual on how to control the technique. This technique improves the child’s capability of learning new things and participates in class without the fear of being discriminated. Another technique that can be used to help the children with this type of disorder is by training on the common social skills and social etiquette. This will improve on their ability to socialize and create a stable friendship that can last without any discrimination. Other types of techniques that can be used include, the parent participation in helping his or her child to do homework, both the parent and the child working together to help improve the memory of the child and teaching tactful methods on how to handle Booling and teasing from other students. This technique helps the children to gain self confidence in themselves and be able to stand firm in what they think is right (Frankel, F., & Wood, J. J. (2012).
The two major treatment outcomes that are mostly witnessed are: most of the children end up finishing high school because of the high level of intellectual functioning and the adults with the Asperger’s disorder are in the position of maintaining a long lasting relationship with his or her family and friends. Some of the challenges associated with this disorder include poor imaginations, poor organizational abilities, and difficulties in sensing, tasting, smelling and touching. Others have poor handwritings and are very poor in the participation of school sports.
Frankel, F., & Wood, J. J. (2012). Social skills success for students with autism/Asperger's: Helping adolescents on the spectrum to fit in. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Hollander, E., Kolevzon, A., & Coyle, J. T. (2011). Textbook of autism spectrum disorders. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Pub.
Pliszka, S. R. (2011). Treating ADHD and comorbid disorders: Psychosocial and psychopharmacological interventions. New York: Guilford Press.
Shives, L. R. (2008). Basic concepts of psychiatric-mental health nursing. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Sue, D., Sue, D., Sue, Stanley, & Sue, Derald Wing. (2013). Understanding abnormal behavior. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.