Essay On One Child Policy in China

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One Child Policy in China

In an attempt to stop the rapid population growth, the China government introduced the China One Child Policy. The law was established in 1979 as a population control measure. Its main aim was to enable children to have better access to healthcare and education among other benefits (Greenhalgh and Susan 15). Couples found to have more than one child are punished under the law. The law however, poses problems to the citizens in the country (Fong and Vanessa 6). Research shows that there is a population growth rate of 0.7 percent which causes a relative rise in the number of elderly people. The elderly need constant care and are highly dependent on their children for support.

The law has changed the population growth in a big way and has resulted to abortions in China. This can be seen by the decrease in the population birth rate by 2011 whereby the population has decreased to 1.64 percent in contrast to the population birthrate in the 1970s (Greenhalgh and Susan 20).This has forced the government to deal with decreased labor force in the country, rapidly ageing population and an imbalance in gender. The United Nation estimates that China has the biggest but rapidly ageing population. The working age has fallen by 3.71 million as estimated by the National Bureau of Statistics. This has led to a decline in the Economic growth of the country and an increase in unemployment cases.

Reports from the University of Leicester show that contraception used by mothers is under the control of the government (Fong and Vanessa 5). An Intra Uterine Device is recommended for mothers with more than one child with imposed sterilization. Subsequently, official data shows that Doctors in China have carried out 330 million abortions and implanted 403 million Intra Uterine Devices on mothers since the implementation of the law. Moreover, 196 million sterilizations have also been reported in women. In an already male dominated society, most women are aborted since men are valued more. Gender balance has thus been distorted with men constituting a very high population percentage. This serves as a delinquent of growth because the society will not develop in a balanced way. The combination of male boldness and female perception is required for the growth of a society.


Greenhalgh, Susan. Just one child: science and policy in Deng's China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008. Print.
Fong, Vanessa L. Only Hope: Coming of Age Under China's One-Child Policy. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 2006. Print.